YBM 고등 심화 영어 I - 신정현 Lesson 6
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세트공유
enforce
v. 강요하다
The community achieved the ideal level of social harmony by enforcing “Sameness.”
eliminate
v. 제거하다
Many cleaning products claim to eliminate germs.
conflict
n. 갈등, 충돌
There has always been conflict between the two countries.
suffering
n. 고통
As a result, people lived without worrying or suffering.
matter
n. 문제
Decisions in all matters of importance were all made by the Elders.
turn
v. (어떤 나이·시기가) 되다
When Jonas turned twelve, he was chosen to receive memories from the Giver.
eventually
ad. 결국, 궁극적으로
The boy would eventually become the new Giver who would be able to provide lessons from the past.
expand
v. 확장되다
The boy’s mind expanded as he received memories from the Giver.
starvation
n. 기아, 굶주림
He was also given memories that were painful, such as memories of war and starvation.
erase
v. (완전히) 지우다, 없애다
These memories were those that the community had erased in order to build a society of people with no emotions.
restore
v. 회복하다, 회복시키다
Jonas concluded that the community should have its memories and feelings restored.
devise
v. 고안하다, 만들어내다
Jonas devised a plan to escape to Elsewhere.
toddler
n. 걸음마를 시작한 유아
The toddler had been behaving badly and refused to go to sleep at night.
lethal
a. 치명적인
The Giver had explained how the community “released” with a lethal injection anyone who broke the rules of sameness.
hunch
v. (등을) 구부리다
When the sky became dark, he left the house, hunched over the handlebars of his bicycle,
escape
v. 달아나다, 탈출하다
He knew that people would soon find out that he had escaped.
bounce
v. 위아래로 흔들리다
He could feel a little head touching his back, bouncing gently as he rode.
transmit
v. 전하다
He had transmitted to him one of the most soothing memories he had.
ease
v. 편해지다
As the memory passed to the new child, he could feel Gabe’s sleep ease and deepen.
pass
v. (시간·날 등이) 지나가다
The days passed, but Jonas had lost count.
device
n. 장치, 기구
The search planes used heat-seeking devices, which could locate two human bodies on the ground.
habitation
n. 거주
As he pedaled through isolated landscapes with almost no sign of human habitation.
instinctively
ad. 본능적으로
He grabbed instinctively for Gabriel.
twisted
a. 삔, 접질린
The child was uninjured, but Jonas’s ankle was twisted.
diminish
v. 줄어들다, 약해지다
He had forgotten the fear of the searchers, who seemed to have diminished into the past.
identify
v. 알아보다; 발견하다
Though he had never seen one before, he identified it from his fading memories.
desperate
a. 절망적인
Desperate fears began to build in his mind.
starve
v. 굶주리다, 굶어 죽다
The most frightening of his new fears was that they would starve.
cultivate
v. (땅을) 경작하다, 일구다
Now that they had left the cultivated fields behind them, it was almost impossible to find food.
kneel
v. 무릎을 꿇다
Jonas knelt by a stream and tried to catch a fish with his hands.
fashion
v. (손으로) 만들다, 빚다
He fashioned a makeshift net, looping the strands of Gabriel’s blanket around a curved stick.
sink
v. 줄어들다, 약해지다
But his hope to reach it was sinking fast.
exhausted
a. 지쳐버린, 기운이 빠진
Exhausted from hunger and cold, he struggled to get back on his bicycle.
shiver
v. (몸을) 떨다
He forced the memory of warmth into the thin, shivering body in his arms.
settle
v. (편하게) 앉히다
He settled himself on the sled and hugged Gabe close.
steep
a. 가파른, 비탈진
The hill was steep, but the snow was soft.
renew
v. 새롭게 하다
Renewed with hope, his freezing body grew strong again.
destination
n. 목적지
They sped in a straight line that seemed to lead to the final destination.
twinkle
v. 반짝거리다
The lights were the red, blue, and yellow lights that twinkled from trees.
certainty
n. 확실성
Suddenly he was aware with certainty that below, ahead, they were waiting for him and Gabriel.
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