YBM 고등 심화 영어 I - 신정현 Lesson 3
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세트공유
envy
n. 질투, 부러움
Envy is more complex than you think.
admiration
n. 예찬; 존경
Admiration inspires us, while envy pulls us down.
elevated
a. 고상한, 기품 있는
We sense that our feelings are elevated in appreciating what is great in others.
refined
a. 고상한
We feel good about ourselves for having such a refined sensibility.
shame
n. 수치심
Envy is thought to be bad, a feeling of shame.
in opposition to
~에 반대하여
Envy is more than a negative feeling standing in opposition to admiration.
attempt
v. 시도하다
Van de Ven attempted to find out whether language users who only have a single word for envy experience different emotional responses.
Dutch
a. 네덜란드의, 네덜란드인[어]의
He worked with Dutch students, who have two words for envy.
description
n. 묘사
He found out that their descriptions clearly point to a line of division.
envious
a. 부러워하는
He then asked American students to describe a time they felt envious.
about
ad. 약, 대략
They also described both types of emotional experiences at about equal rates.
frustrating
a. 좌절감을 주는
One type of envy felt much more frustrating, which clearly indicates the meaning of malicious envy.
positive
a. 긍정적인
For the other type, the situation was quite positive, which is identical to what benign envy refers to.
prove
v. 증명하다
This proves that even those who have only one word for envy can feel that there is something more than a negative meaning behind the word.
fare
v. (특정한 상황·일이) ~하게 되어가다
In that regard envy may fare even better than admiration.
the former
n. 전자
We all think that admiration is better than envy, since the former feels good and the latter painful.
treat
v. (특정한 태도로) 대하다; 취급하다
We are treating them as if they belong to a different species.
push
v. ~하도록 강하게 설득하다, 독려하다
When we envy someone, we picture ourselves in their place; it hurts us, but it also pushes us.
insightful
a. 통찰력 있는
In another insightful experiment, Van de Ven proved that the difference is determined by whether there is room for self-motivation.
participant
n. 참가자
The participants were then asked to read one of the following two biographies.
come down to
(한 마디로) 요약되다
While the second suggested that success comes down to luck.
estimated
a. 추산되는
What really surprised the researcher was the difference in the number of estimated hours the students planned to study.
bother
v. 신경 쓰다, 애를 쓰다
Why bother wasting energy if success is not an option?
cover-up
n. 은폐
The study suggests that admiration can be a psychological cover-up for lack of self-motivation.
deny
v. 부인하다
No one would deny that feeling envy is unpleasant.
path
n. (목표에 이르는) 길, (행동의) 방향
Feeling envious sometimes leads us down a path we wish we had not taken.
serve
v. 도움이 되다, 기여하다
The right kind of envy can serve an important personal and social function.
compete
v. 경쟁하다
The right kind of envy can encourage people to compete and work hard.
vividly
ad. 생생하게
The world still vividly remembers two Asian figure-skating world champions.
intense
a. 강렬한
The two skaters's intense competition was spurred on by their rivalry.
spur
v. 자극하다
This movie will spur more customers to buy the car.
superb
a. 최고의, 훌륭한
Each of us was always envious of what kind of superb skills the other had.
awareness
n. 자각
The purpose of the conference is to raise the public’s awareness about drug misuse.
mutual
a. 상호 간의
They would not have been able to grow as much as they did, had it not been for their mutual envy and rivalry.
inspiration
n. 감화, 고무
Your story is a great inspiration for me.
malicious
a. 악의적인, 악의 있는
Those are proved to be malicious rumors.
concept
n. 개념
The concept of marriage is different from generation to generation.
indicate
v. 나타내다, 보여 주다
The map indicates where the building is.
species
n. 종
Cats and dogs belong to different species.
idol
n. 우상
These ball players are idols to some of my friends.
학생
이 단어장으로
즐겁게 학습해
보세요!
가장 빠르게 암기하도록 도와주는 암기학습 〉
제대로 외웠나 바로 확인하는 리콜학습 〉
철자까지 외우려면 스펠학습 〉
재미있게 복습하려면 매칭 게임 〉
주관식으로도 재미있는 복습, 크래시 게임 〉
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